When reading a knitting pattern, you will often find that many of the instructions are shortened or abbreviated. Doing this means that the pattern doesn’t become excessively long, but without knowing what the abbreviations mean you can end up getting stuck. Most patterns include a summary of abbreviations used in the pattern, but it’s helpful to have them all in one place for easy referencing. I’ve summarised a lot of common knitting abbreviations below, and I also have tutorials for some of the techniques on my YouTube channel, which I’ve marked with an *.

* / ** / ***Repeat instructions following asterisks as directedpmPlace marker
altAlternateP2TOGPurl 2 stitches together
approxApproximatelypssoPass slipped stitch over
begBegin, beginningpwisePurlwise
BOBind offremRemaining
COCast on*RSRight side
decDecreasesskSlip, slip, knit these 2 together*
dpnDouble pointed needle(s)stStitch
follFollowingst stStocking stitch*
ggramtblThrough back loop
KKnit*WSWrong side
K2TOGKnit 2 stitches together*wyibWith yarn in back
kfbKnit front and backwyifWith yarn in front
kwiseKnitwiseyrwdYarn forward
M1Make one stitchyoYarn over
M1PMake one purl stitchyrnYarn around needle
PPurl*yonYarn over needle